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## More Python Posts

# Input for row and columnR = int(input())C = int(input())# Using list comprehension for inputmatrix = [[int(input()) for x in range (C)] for y in range(R)]

#Python program to print topological sorting of a DAGfrom collections import defaultdict#Class to represent a graphclass Graph:def __init__(self,vertices):self.graph = defaultdict(list) #dictionary containing adjacency Listself.V = vertices #No. of vertices# function to add an edge to graphdef addEdge(self,u,v):self.graph[u].append(v)# A recursive function used by topologicalSortdef topologicalSortUtil(self,v,visited,stack):# Mark the current node as visited.visited[v] = True# Recur for all the vertices adjacent to this vertexfor i in self.graph[v]:if visited[i] == False:self.topologicalSortUtil(i,visited,stack)# Push current vertex to stack which stores resultstack.insert(0,v)# The function to do Topological Sort. It uses recursive# topologicalSortUtil()def topologicalSort(self):# Mark all the vertices as not visitedvisited = [False]*self.Vstack =[]# Call the recursive helper function to store Topological# Sort starting from all vertices one by onefor i in range(self.V):if visited[i] == False:self.topologicalSortUtil(i,visited,stack)# Print contents of stackprint(stack)g= Graph(6)g.addEdge(5, 2);g.addEdge(5, 0);g.addEdge(4, 0);g.addEdge(4, 1);g.addEdge(2, 3);g.addEdge(3, 1);print("Following is a Topological Sort of the given graph")g.topologicalSort()

""" Number Guessing Game----------------------------------------"""import randomattempts_list = []def show_score():if len(attempts_list) <= 0:print("There is currently no high score, it's yours for the taking!")else:print("The current high score is {} attempts".format(min(attempts_list)))def start_game():random_number = int(random.randint(1, 10))print("Hello traveler! Welcome to the game of guesses!")player_name = input("What is your name? ")wanna_play = input("Hi, {}, would you like to play the guessing game? (Enter Yes/No) ".format(player_name))// Where the show_score function USED to beattempts = 0show_score()while wanna_play.lower() == "yes":try:guess = input("Pick a number between 1 and 10 ")if int(guess) < 1 or int(guess) > 10:raise ValueError("Please guess a number within the given range")if int(guess) == random_number:print("Nice! You got it!")attempts += 1attempts_list.append(attempts)print("It took you {} attempts".format(attempts))play_again = input("Would you like to play again? (Enter Yes/No) ")attempts = 0show_score()random_number = int(random.randint(1, 10))if play_again.lower() == "no":print("That's cool, have a good one!")breakelif int(guess) > random_number:print("It's lower")attempts += 1elif int(guess) < random_number:print("It's higher")attempts += 1except ValueError as err:print("Oh no!, that is not a valid value. Try again...")print("({})".format(err))else:print("That's cool, have a good one!")if __name__ == '__main__':start_game()

""" Calculator----------------------------------------"""def addition ():print("Addition")n = float(input("Enter the number: "))t = 0 //Total number enterans = 0while n != 0:ans = ans + nt+=1n = float(input("Enter another number (0 to calculate): "))return [ans,t]def subtraction ():print("Subtraction");n = float(input("Enter the number: "))t = 0 //Total number entersum = 0while n != 0:ans = ans - nt+=1n = float(input("Enter another number (0 to calculate): "))return [ans,t]def multiplication ():print("Multiplication")n = float(input("Enter the number: "))t = 0 //Total number enterans = 1while n != 0:ans = ans * nt+=1n = float(input("Enter another number (0 to calculate): "))return [ans,t]def average():an = []an = addition()t = an[1]a = an[0]ans = a / treturn [ans,t]// main...while True:list = []print(" My first python program!")print(" Simple Calculator in python by Malik Umer Farooq")print(" Enter 'a' for addition")print(" Enter 's' for substraction")print(" Enter 'm' for multiplication")print(" Enter 'v' for average")print(" Enter 'q' for quit")c = input(" ")if c != 'q':if c == 'a':list = addition()print("Ans = ", list[0], " total inputs ",list[1])elif c == 's':list = subtraction()print("Ans = ", list[0], " total inputs ",list[1])elif c == 'm':list = multiplication()print("Ans = ", list[0], " total inputs ",list[1])elif c == 'v':list = average()print("Ans = ", list[0], " total inputs ",list[1])else:print ("Sorry, invilid character")else:break

#Python 3: Fibonacci series up to ndef fib(n):a, b = 0, 1while a < n:print(a, end=' ')a, b = b, a+bprint()fib(1000)

# Python program for Bitonic Sort. Note that this program# works only when size of input is a power of 2.# The parameter dir indicates the sorting direction, ASCENDING# or DESCENDING; if (a[i] > a[j]) agrees with the direction,# then a[i] and a[j] are interchanged.*/def compAndSwap(a, i, j, dire):if (dire==1 and a[i] > a[j]) or (dire==0 and a[i] > a[j]):a[i],a[j] = a[j],a[i]# It recursively sorts a bitonic sequence in ascending order,# if dir = 1, and in descending order otherwise (means dir=0).# The sequence to be sorted starts at index position low,# the parameter cnt is the number of elements to be sorted.def bitonicMerge(a, low, cnt, dire):if cnt > 1:k = cnt/2for i in range(low , low+k):compAndSwap(a, i, i+k, dire)bitonicMerge(a, low, k, dire)bitonicMerge(a, low+k, k, dire)# This funcion first produces a bitonic sequence by recursively# sorting its two halves in opposite sorting orders, and then# calls bitonicMerge to make them in the same orderdef bitonicSort(a, low, cnt,dire):if cnt > 1:k = cnt/2bitonicSort(a, low, k, 1)bitonicSort(a, low+k, k, 0)bitonicMerge(a, low, cnt, dire)# Caller of bitonicSort for sorting the entire array of length N# in ASCENDING orderdef sort(a,N, up):bitonicSort(a,0, N, up)# Driver code to test abovea = [3, 7, 4, 8, 6, 2, 1, 5]n = len(a)up = 1sort(a, n, up)print ("\n\nSorted array is")for i in range(n):print("%d" %a[i]),